Ubuntu Installation steps

This blog will take you through Linux’s Ubuntu variant installation steps which are explained in a simple manner 

  • Initial steps:

    1. Insert an Ubuntu CD or bootable USB drive, set it to boot in BIOS. When the Installation Wizard appears, click on the “Install Ubuntu” button and proceed.

    2. You can also download the latest Desktop setup from  http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop or browse http://releases.ubuntu.com/  for the some other Ubuntu releases you are looking for.

    3. During the manual configuration of your HDD partitions, you should select the ‘Something else’ option.

  • Creating partitions: Standard partitions or logical sections recommended are:

    1.  ‘/boot’: This partition should fall in the range – 100MB to 500MB. See: Boot partition in Linux for more info.
    2.  ‘swap’: It provides memory that can be used as virtual RAM. This partition communicates between RAM and           HDD. Therefore, in general  we allot it a size that is 2 folds your systems’ RAM size. Eg. If your RAM size is 4GB, swap partition may be of size 8GB. File system used should be ‘swap’ itself.
      To read more on Swap, please check: Swap partition
    3.  ‘/’ Root partition: It is the Computer directory on your system. It is like the Logical disk ‘C:’ in Windows. For this partition use, Type: Ext4; with Mount point set as: /.
    4. /home’: You can create this sub-partition which contains User data (like Downloads, Documents, etc), Multimedia objects (Pictures, Music, Videos, etc) and the application cache. [This partition will always contain a Directory that is named after the Username of your System].
    5. /media: This partition is basically the universal storehouse of all your work related data. It may optionally, contain another logical partition within it named:

    Others: In my case, this is 245 GB logical partition, which serves as a location for storing all my project repositories, IDE workspaces, application setup files, etc.

  • Final steps:

    1. Once the partitions are defined, you will be prompted for your Location. Enter your correct geographic location.

    2. Setup a username, password, name for your System.

    3. Proceed towards System Restart.

    4. Install all the apps and software you will need to work with your newly Setup system.

  • For some useful Linux commands, you can refer to http://www.tutorialspoint.com/unix/unix-useful-commands.htm

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